jorgewalter.com

retrun to topPeter B. Vaill Outstanding Doctoral Educator Award

posted on Apr 08 2014

I just received notice that, after being nominated twice (in 2011 and 2013), I was awarded the 2014 Peter B. Vaill Outstanding Doctoral Educator Award by the Doctoral Student Association of the School of Business of The George Washington University.


A sincere thanks to the doctoral students for this honor. I look forward to many more opportunities to engage with the GWSB doctoral program...


retrun to topPaper included in AOM Best Paper Proceedings

posted on Mar 28 2014

A new research project I'm involved in will be included in the Best Paper Proceedings of the Academy of Management Meeting, this time for the 2014 Meeting in my wife's hometown Philadelphia, PA:


Formal and informal controls as complements or substitutes? The role of the task environment


Markus Kreutzer*, Laura Cardinal**, Jorge Walter***, & Christoph Lechner*

* University of St. Gallen, ** University of Houston, *** The George Washington University


This study contrasts the substitution logic advanced by the traditional organizational control view with the complementarity logic inherent in the more recent, holistic organizational control view. In particular, we examine whether formal and informal behavior and outcome controls act as complements or substitutes for each other in their influence on performance outcomes, and whether any such interaction will be stable across different organizational contexts or subject to contextual contingencies. Our empirical findings from an analysis of 184 strategic initiatives conducted by firms across a variety of industries provide broad support for the holistic view and the positive impact of a complementary use of formal and informal behavior control as well as formal and informal outcome control on initiative performance. While the former is stable for all degrees of exploration, the latter is more pronounced in the context of lower degrees of exploration. Our study thus contributes to a more nuanced understanding of organizational control.


Keywords: Control theory, organizational control, informal control, complementarity, strategic initiatives, degree of exploration


For a copy of this paper, please contact me directly.


retrun to topOdyssey of the Mind Tournament

posted on Mar 15 2014

Odyssey of the Mind 2014Like all good things, this year's Odyssey of the Mind has come to an end. But what an end it was! Our team gave an awesome performance at today's tournament! The kids were truly at their best and they simply blew the judges away. As their coaches, Sam and I are really proud of our team and all that the kids have accomplished..


retrun to topMerry Christmas & A Happy New Year!

posted on Dec 25 2013

christmas2013achristmas2013bFrom the Walter Family


retrun to topNew Article Forthcoming in Personnel Psychology

posted on Dec 12 2013

New Article Forthcoming in Personnel Psychology:


Deeds that help and words that hurt: Helping and gossip as moderators of the relationship between leader-member exchange and advice network centrality


Berrin Erdogan*, Talya Bauer*, & Jorge Walter**

* Portland State University, ** The George Washington University


We examine the relationship between leader-member exchange (LMX) quality and advice network centrality using multi-source data from a sample of 250 retail employees and their respective managers in Turkey to test our hypothesized model of value and costs of being sought out for advice. Drawing upon the tenets of Network Generation Theory (Nebus, 2006), we predict that the tendency of focal actors to help others and their own tendency to gossip would be behavioral moderators of the relationship between LMX quality and their advice network centrality. Consistent with Network Generation Theory, our results reveal that LMX quality is positively related to centrality only for those actors with a high tendency to help coworkers and a low tendency to gossip about coworkers, suggesting that behaviors indicating helpfulness and discretion are necessary for high LMX members to maintain a central position in their work group’s advice network. Implications and future research directions are discussed.


Keywords: Leader-member exchange (LMX), advice network centrality, helping behaviors, gossip


For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.


retrun to topSeason's Greetings

posted on Dec 06 2013

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From the Walter family...



retrun to top2013 SMS Annual International Conference

posted on Oct 01 2013

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This year's Strategic Management Society's Annual International Conference took place in Atlanta, GA, and my colleagues and I presented our paper


"Experience, negotiation leverage, and their effects on exclusivity in technology licensing agreements" with Ted Khoury (Portland State University) & Erin Pleggenkuhle-Miles (University of Nebraska at Omaha),


which was also nominated for the Strategic Management Society Best Conference Paper Price. For more information, check the SMS Website.


retrun to topAnniversary

posted on Sep 05 2013

10 years ago today, a boy met a girl in a bar...

philly2003

...and the rest is history.

Happy Anniversary, Baby!


retrun to topFirst Day of School

posted on Sep 03 2013

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Have a fantastic year at school, guys--we're so proud of you!


retrun to topNew Article Forthcoming in the Journal of Management

posted on Aug 31 2013

New Article Forthcoming in the Journal of Management:


Learning activities, exploration, and the performance of strategic initiatives


Jorge Walter*, Christoph Lechner**, Franz W. Kellermanns***

* The George Washington University, ** University of St. Gallen, *** University of North Carolina at Charlotte


This study examines the contingent effect of the degree of exploration characterizing strategic initiatives on the relationship between group-level organizational learning activities (i.e., searching, processing, codifying, and practicing) and the performance of strategic initiatives. Results from a sample of 96 strategic initiatives conducted by three large European insurance corporations provide broad, albeit not unanimous, support for our prediction that the four learning activities are more beneficial when the degree of exploration is high. Moreover, for initiatives with lower degrees of exploration, we found no significant association of searching, processing, codifying, or practicing with initiative performance. These findings suggest that effective organizational learning depends not only on investments in learning activities, but also on the alignment between these investments and the degree of exploration inherent in the learning task.


Keywords: Strategic initiatives; group-level organizational learning; degree of exploration


For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.


retrun to topDoctoral Seminar at Kennesaw State University

posted on Aug 18 2013

Just returned from teaching a session on "Social Network/Social Capital Theory" in Kennesaw State University's DBA program.

ksu

Thanks to Torsten Pieper for inviting me and to the KSU doctoral students for having such an engaged conversation with me on social networks/social capital and research in general.


retrun to top2013 Academy of Management Annual Meeting

posted on Aug 12 2013

aom2013

This year's Academy of Management Annual Meeting took place from August 8-13 in Lake Buena Vista, FL. Under the conference theme "Capitalism in Question," my colleagues and I presented in the following sessions:

  • "Organizational control as an antidote to politics in the pursuit of strategic initiative performance?" with Markus Kreutzer (University of St. Gallen) & Laura Cardinal (University of Houston) and
  • "Entrepreneurship Division Early Career Development Consortium." Professional Development Workshop organized by Donna DeCarolis (Rutgers University) & Kim Eddleston (Northeastern University).
  • For more information, check the AOM Website.


    retrun to topDan Pink's Blog Discusses Dormant Ties Research

    posted on Jun 13 2013

    Happy to see that our research on Dormant Ties (see posts from March 29, 2011, and August 4, 2010, for details) keeps getting attention from some of the most innovative thinkers in business...

    See a recent interview of Adam Grant (Wharton) in Daniel Pink's blog for details.


    retrun to topPresentation at 2013 IRI Diamond Jubilee Meeting

    posted on May 21 2013

    irilogo

    Today, I had the opportunity to serve as a subject matter expert on the topic "Weak ties and innovation" at the Industrial Research Institute’s Diamond Jubilee Meeting here in Washington, DC. It was a great experience interacting with this audience of high-caliber R&D managers from a wide variety of industry and government, and I hope to continue this dialogue, perhaps in the form of a joint research project, in the future.

    Thanks to Natalie Schoch (Kellogg Company), Leonard Huskey (US Army Research Laboratory), and Robert McNamee (Temple University) for their generous invitation!

    For more information, check the IRI Website.

    retrun to topGWSB Commencement 2013

    posted on May 17 2013

    gwsbcommencement2013

    Congratulations to our students and good luck for all your future endeavors!



    retrun to top"Sweet" Thank You

    posted on Apr 24 2013

    cupcakeThanks to my students from Delta Sigma Pi for nominating me!


    retrun to topPaper nominated for SMS Best Conference Paper Award

    posted on Apr 15 2013

    Just received notice that one of our submissions to this year's SMS Conference has received a nomination for the SMS Best Conference Paper Award:


    Experience, negotiation leverage, and their effects on exclusivity in technology licensing agreements


    Theodore A. Khoury*, Jorge Walter**, & Erin G. Pleggenkuhle-Miles***

    * Portland State University, ** The George Washington University, *** University of Nebraska at Omaha


    Technology licensing represents a complex area of interfirm contracting due to the highly idiosyncratic nature of these transactions. Focusing on the most valuable, yet often contentious, contractual feature in technology licensing transactions—exclusivity—we examine the differential influence of licensors’ prior experience with out-licensing versus in-licensing technologies. Our study builds on foundational transaction-cost research and develops a theoretical framework explaining whether or not licensors are likely to realize non-exclusive deal outcomes as a function of accumulated licensing experience, and when partner- or market-specific conditions dampen or accentuate the effects of such experience. Leveraging a 26-year sample of 2,664 bioscience-licensing transactions and a novel theoretical framework that accounts for the conditions of negotiation leverage within these unique transactions, we examine how exclusivity provisions vary across technology licenses.


    Keywords: Technology licensing; licensing experience; exclusivity; transaction costs; partner prominence; strategic alliances; bioscience industry


    For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.



    retrun to top2013 Peter B. Vaill Outstanding Doctoral Educator Award Nomination

    posted on Apr 09 2013

    vaillaward2013

    Thanks to all the doctoral students for nominating me again this year!


    retrun to topGive & Take

    posted on Apr 05 2013

    given&take

    Whether or not you're in academia, it is worth reading

    Is Giving the Secret to Getting Ahead?,

    a fascinating New York Times Magazine article featuring Adam Grant, one of the most prolific professors in management.

    Especially rewarding for my co-authors and me is that the article mentions our "Dormant Ties" paper published in 2011 in Organization Science...


    retrun to topHappy Easter

    posted on Mar 30 2013

    easter2013

    ...from the Walter family!



    retrun to topDoctoral Seminar at the University of Tennessee

    posted on Mar 13 2013

    Just returned from teaching a section of my long-time friend and colleague Franz Kellermanns' doctoral seminar on "Designing Effective Organizations" at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, TN.

    knoxville

    Thanks to the UT doctoral students for having me and to Franz and his lovely wife Laura for hosting me at their beautiful home!


    retrun to topNew article forthcoming in the Journal of Small Business Management

    posted on Feb 26 2013

    New Article Forthcoming in the Journal of Small Business Management:


    The resource-based view in entrepreneurship: A content-analytical comparison of researchers’ and entrepreneurs’ views


    Franz W. Kellermanns*, Jorge Walter**, T. Russel Crook*, Benedict Kemmerer***, & V. K. Narayanan****

    * University of Tennessee, ** The George Washington University, *** Strategic Marketing, Consumer Products Division (CPM-SM), BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH , **** Drexel University


    The resource-based view (RBV) is one of the most influential perspectives in the organizational sciences. Although entrepreneurship researchers are increasingly leveraging the RBV’s tenets, it emerged in strategic management. Despite some important similarities between entrepreneurship and strategic management, there are also important differences, raising questions as to whether and to what extent the RBV needs to be adapted for the entrepreneurship field. As a first step towards answering these questions, this study focuses on resources as the fundamental building block of the RBV and presents a content-analytical comparison of researchers’ and practicing entrepreneurs’ resource conceptualizations to derive similarities and differences between established theory and entrepreneurial practice. We find that although the two conceptualizations exhibit some overlap, there are also important differences in the emphasis on different dimensions of resources and ownership requirements, as well as in the understanding of how those resources shape outcomes. These results suggest important contextual conditions when applying the RBV’s tenets within the field of entrepreneurship.


    Keywords: Strategic consensus, strategic alignment, organizational performance


    For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.


    retrun to topNew article forthcoming in Strategic Organization

    posted on Feb 09 2013

    New Article Forthcoming in Strategic Organization:


    Strategic alignment: A missing link in the relationship between strategic consensus and organizational performance


    Jorge Walter*, Franz W. Kellermanns**, Steven W. Floyd***, John F. Veiga****, & Curtis Matherne*****

    * The George Washington University, ** University of Tennessee, **** University of Massachusetts--Amherst, **** University of Connecticut, ***** University of Louisiana Lafayette


    Despite the increasing sophistication of the literature on strategic consensus and the compelling arguments linking it to organizational performance, empirical research has produced mixed findings. To address this conundrum, we examine the contingent role of strategic alignment—i.e., to what extent decision makers place importance on strategic priorities that are responsive to, or fit, the demands of the external environment faced by the organization—as a salient missing link. Our findings from a sample of 349 university faculty members in 63 academic departments suggest that the consensus-performance relationship is stronger for lower levels of strategic alignment, whereas at higher levels of alignment, consensus appears to have little effect. Our discussion traces implications of these findings for existing theory and future research.


    Keywords: Strategic consensus, strategic alignment, organizational performance


    For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.


    retrun to topChristmas 2012

    posted on Dec 24 2012

    christmas2012

    The Walter family wishes everyone a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!



    retrun to topNew article forthcoming in the Academy of Management Journal

    posted on Nov 26 2012

    New Article Forthcoming in the Academy of Management Journal:


    Corporate Control and the Speed of SBU-Level Decision Making


    Maximilian Kownatzki*, Jorge Walter**, Steven W. Floyd***, & Christoph Lechner****

    * Oliver Wyman, ** The George Washington University, *** University of Massachusetts--Amherst, **** University of St.Gallen


    Decision speed has long been recognized as a critical determinant of firm performance, particularly in dynamic environments. Extending prior studies, which have largely focused on firm-level decision speed in small- and medium-sized organizations, this study explores how control mechanisms set by corporate headquarters in multi-business firms influence decision speed at the strategic business unit (SBU) level. Using a multi-method approach, we first inductively derive six types of corporate control, before deductively examining their effects on SBU-level decision speed in five international multi-business organizations. Our results suggest that three corporate control types enhance decision speed (goal setting, extrinsic incentives, and decision process control), two have no effect (negative incentives and conflict resolution), and one has a negative effect (strategy imposition). By integrating results from our qualitative and quantitative analyses, we are also able to identify transparency/alignment, outcome orientation, participation, trust, and timely feedback as the key mechanisms accounting for these effects.


    Keywords: Strategic decision processes; decision speed; multi-business organizations; SBUs; corporate control; executives’ mental models; multi-method field study


    For a copy of this article, please contact me directly.